We often encounter various problems in the process of translation. What are the indispensable skills of translation?
1. Part of speech conversion
In the process of translation, words are divided into many kinds, and most words have the characteristics of polysemy. If words are translated alone, it may not be appropriate in the text at all. On the basis of the original meaning, translators should be careful about the choice of word meaning and translate according to the extended meaning. For example, the conversion between nouns and adjectives, verbs and nouns, adjectives and adverbs, verbs and adjectives, etc.
2. Increase / decrease repeat
Translation is based on the needs of its own writing characteristics. Some discourse structures are wordy. When you translate into the target language, it is not necessary, and vice versa. However, the text should also reflect the preciseness of structure and the perfection of rhythm. In the translation work, it is necessary to add, repeat or delete some contents on the basis of correct understanding.
3. Sentence conversion method
In note translation, the translation of various clauses has always been the key point of examining the translation ability, and it is also the difficulty of the translator's own translation ability. In specific translation practice, noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses can be converted to each other, and clauses and phrases can also be converted to each other.
It refers to the omission of some words in the original text in the translation, as long as it does not affect the integrity of meaning. For example, the Chinese "Quantifier" mentioned above can be omitted when translated into English; For another example, the possessive pronouns are widely used in English, but they are often omitted in Chinese.