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笔译不可缺少的技巧有什么
时间:2023-01-17来源:佛山翻译公司点击:34次

  笔译过程中常常会遇到各种问题,下面广东翻译吖公司带大家了解笔译不可缺少的技巧有什么?

  We often encounter various problems in the process of translation. What are the indispensable skills of translation?

  1、词性转换法

  1. Part of speech conversion

  在笔译翻译过程中,词汇分为很多种,大多数词都有多义的特性,如果词汇单独翻译的话,在文中可能根本不合适,在原始意义基础上,翻译人员要对于词义的选择要慎重,按引伸义译出。比如,名词和形容词、动词和名词、形容词和副词、动词和形容词之间的相互转换等。

  In the process of translation, words are divided into many kinds, and most words have the characteristics of polysemy. If words are translated alone, it may not be appropriate in the text at all. On the basis of the original meaning, translators should be careful about the choice of word meaning and translate according to the extended meaning. For example, the conversion between nouns and adjectives, verbs and nouns, adjectives and adverbs, verbs and adjectives, etc.

  2、增减重复发

  2. Increase / decrease repeat

  笔译从出于本身行文特点的需要,有的话语结构是比较啰嗦的,当你翻译成目标语后,又没有必要,反之亦然。但是文中又要体现结构的严谨性和节奏的完美,在笔译工作中,有必要对一些内容在正确理解的基础上予以增加、重复或者删减。

  Translation is based on the needs of its own writing characteristics. Some discourse structures are wordy. When you translate into the target language, it is not necessary, and vice versa. However, the text should also reflect the preciseness of structure and the perfection of rhythm. In the translation work, it is necessary to add, repeat or delete some contents on the basis of correct understanding.

  3、句子转换法

  3. Sentence conversion method

  在笔记翻译中,各种从句的翻译历来都是考查笔译翻译能力的要点,也是译者本身笔译翻译能力的难点所在。在具体的笔译实践中,名词性从句、形容词性从句以及副词性从句是可以相互转换的,从句也可以和词组相互转换。

  In note translation, the translation of various clauses has always been the key point of examining the translation ability, and it is also the difficulty of the translator's own translation ability. In specific translation practice, noun clauses, adjective clauses and adverbial clauses can be converted to each other, and clauses and phrases can also be converted to each other.

  4、省略

  4. Omit

  是指原文中某些词在译文中省略不译,只要并不影响意义的完整。如:上面讲的汉语“量词”,译成英语时则可以省略;又如:英语中大量使用物主代词而汉语中往往省略不用。

  It refers to the omission of some words in the original text in the translation, as long as it does not affect the integrity of meaning. For example, the Chinese "Quantifier" mentioned above can be omitted when translated into English; For another example, the possessive pronouns are widely used in English, but they are often omitted in Chinese.


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